Basil and Reyhan (Ocimum basilicum)
The difference between Basil and Reyhan is the difference in aroma. Details of this and how to care, how they are propagated, and so on, basil growing information are described below.
First of all, we should know that the two are not separate species. In other words, basil and basil are the same type of plants from the same genus of the same family. Their differences go no further than being varieties of the same species ( cultivar ).
The appearance of mosquito basil
Fly wing basil : The leaves are very small but develop with extremely many thin branches.
Basil (and basil) from the Lamiaceae family is from O. basilicum of Ocinum genus. Its commonly used name in Turkish is basil . In some areas, only the basil do not know the name compile and basil. It is called fesliken in the Aegean . The homeland of basil is India. It has been grown for medicinal purposes in the Middle East and Mediterranean countries for about 2500 years. Today, basil is grown mostly for cooking in Italy .
general features of Basil and Reyhan
Ocinum basilicum ( basil ) , a one-year herbaceous plant , develops in mini bush and small bush forms, but its life is from the first bar to the winter at most. Similar-scented perennials, mistakenly called basil, are from other species of the Ocimum genus (some are also hybrids of basil with those species).
Basil has various cultivars in terms of more or less branching feature, size, leaf color and leaf size, aroma differences and flower color differences. All of them are short-lived (seasonal).
Basil’s sizes and leaf sizes can be varied as well as their leaf colors: sheer green, green mixed with purple, sheer purple and purple almost black. The color of the flower is white in some and pink to light purple in some (sweet-flavored basil flowers are usually white in green leafy ones). The leaves are long-oval, roundish-oval, flat, wavy and close to curl, and the edges of the leaves are toothless (flat), less serrated, multi-embroidered features that can be seen in both the basil group and the basil group.
Cultivars of Basil and Reyhan
The outer appearances and flavors of basil are very diverse and mixed in terms of racial differences. I think it is impossible to name each one scientifically. A few cultivars names are mentioned, though, with their unique characteristics. But the main value in basil is their flavor, and sweet aroma, for example, is not just one of the characteristics of a cultivar. For this reason, I do not want to write cultivars here.
Considering that the importance of basil for us is its aromas, I think it would be more logical to consider them in two main groups as basil (sweetish intense fragrance) and basil (bitter-like pungent) based on their aroma properties.
Physical differences between basil and Reyhan
It cannot be explained in terms of appearance. The main difference is their aromas and fragrances. There are also basil types similar to basil types with a sweetish scent. For example, there are varieties with purple leaves or mini leaves in basil and basil.
When added to meals, its fragrance is not as permanent as basil. That’s why basil is chopped on it after the meal is cooked. The aroma of basil leaves feels sweet and reminiscent of the scent of salami. It has an appetizing feature. The basil that Italians add to pasta (after cooking) is from this group. Its main benefit in pastas is to prevent the risk of dough odor. The leaves of the cultivar called ‘ Genovese ‘, which is used both in pasta and various sauces in Italy, are solid green, the flowers are white, the flower sepals and the flower branches carrying them are green. It is tall (it can be around 1 meter depending on growing conditions). There are plenty of mini basil varieties and cultivars with the same flavor.
The most produced basil cultivar for use in meals and salads is the ‘Genovese’ cultivar with large leaves .
The aroma of its leaves is slightly bitter and sharp. Its scent is not very appetizing by itself, but it gives a very pleasant aroma to dishes, especially stuffed meat. It doesn’t go well with pastas. Its size, leaf color, shape and size vary like basil. The flower color is usually in pink-light purple tones (even with green leafy varieties this is usually the case). Sometimes the flower color is white in green leaves and the outer sepals of the flowers and the stems bearing the flowers are brownish purple.
According to have more direct sun and hot weather scent of basil busier, basil’s scent can be sharper.
Use of Basil and Reyhan
Basil (including basil) are among the vegetable group plants grown for this purpose because they are from edible plants. Most sweet basil so-called sweet basil ‘ Genovese ‘ cultivar of common farming is done.
Mini-leaved cultivars are generally preferred for use as ornamental plants . They take the shape of a ball by branching out very much and densely. Among the people, these are called ball basil , sometimes fly wing basil . It has the scientific name Ocimum basilicum as a mini cultivar . is minimum . In Europe it is called Greek basil ( Greek basil ). Its length is approximately 15 cm.
Basil growing, care
He loves the sun. The beauty of its scent and the quality of its aroma are also better thanks to the sun and heat. But in terms of visuality, it would be very good to be protected from the midday sun. They can also adapt to less sunny places. Basil (and basil) cannot be grown in domestic kitchens. They cannot live without wind. They rot in two days. If you want to keep it at home, it must be next to a window that you will keep open all the time.
Soil and fertilizer request of Basil and Reyhan
Basil does not require fertilizers or plant nutrients, at least as long as it grows in a medium-fertile soil . It develops very strongly. The two primary needs are open air and long-term direct sun. If you are going to grow in infertile soil and in excessively sandy soil, you must first mix the vegetative rot in the soil. But basil does not usually choose soil. It would be good to do something extra just to get better product.
Irrigation of Basil and Reyhan
In my own experience, basil does not bother being watered too often. I did not see that watering changed anything as the soil dries out . In that case, it is not necessary to apply the irrigation regime meticulously. Just don’t let your soil stay dry. It should not have too much water shortage and its leaves should not wrinkle at all. Otherwise, its development will be interrupted. In this way, it quickly escapes to seed. So as the soil dries out a little, water it without waiting for it to dry further.
Can basil be pruned?
It is necessary to rejuvenate, delay their escape to seed. But not with little basil balls. You can produce new basils in a short time by cutting them only from the side branches and as explained in the method of cutting below. Thus, when the main basil goes to the seed and turns ugly, you will have freshly green basil that you have produced yourself.
As for the big basil: If you leave it alone, after it grows for a while, every part of it will want to escape to the seed and will bud all over. After each branch has developed 6 or 8 leaves, tear off the tops. Since I use basil in pasta, I always pluck it from the ends. If flower buds have appeared, I especially choose them. I cut some branches lower. Thus, my basil sprouts over and over again until the weather gets cool in autumn and the days when there is not enough temperature for the basil, they stop producing brand new fresh leaves.
How are basil propagated?
Basil and basil are most often propagated by seeds, as they have no winter hardiness (their biorhythms were created to enter the process of death after flowering for a while). It is also very easy to reproduce with steel. If there is an environment where you can provide sufficient heat, airiness and long-term direct sun in winter, you can reproduce it with steel in autumn and plant ready-made basil in the garden at the beginning of spring. Hybrid basil, whose seeds are barren (or not giving seeds), must be continuously propagated with cuttings. For these, it is necessary to provide an environment where they can survive in winter.
Reproduce by cutting method
You can always do it between mid spring and late summer. Cut any branches off. After cutting the branch, you will plant it in the ground. Let the part that will remain under the soil without leaves. If it is leafy, cut the leaves of that part from the bottom with fine scissors. Since the branch is very delicate, you will extract the leaves like this. If you try to pluck it, the branch will be damaged.
The steel prepared for rooting in the fly wing basil should be as shown in the picture below (you can see it planted in the ground below). In large-leaved ones, a maximum of three leaves should be left at the end of the branch, and if these top leaves are too large, they should be cut in half and reduced. All other leaves must be removed. If there are mini shoots at the bottom of the leaves, do not remove them.
Basil steel look
Basil steel s rooting soil as the soil if you have not tried going to use that land sold in bags because it undermines tender branches. You must use real soil . Or make a ready-made sandy soil mix with perlite .
Freshly planted basil steel
Water it after planting. In a sunny place, in the first days, the leaves may appear to shrivel and dry, but they are rooting. Early morning hours and evening sun do not hurt. Only the burning sun around noon can dry the yet rootless cuttings. If everything is suitable, it will root and sprout in a short time like 10 days.
Basil (and basil) usually bloom small flowers starting in the middle of summer. Just as the basil plant is very branched and knotted, its flowers are also very abundant. They can bloom repeatedly until autumn. Take the seeds that are formed and store them until spring or let them mix into the soil where they are. When spring comes, those seeds germinate and grow. If you have bought and stored the seeds, sow them in the spring after the cool days have passed. They do not germinate at the beginning of spring, do not rush. The weather should get a little warmer. If you’re in a hurry, germinate the seeds at home on the sunny windowsill. Be aware of this, as soon as the seeds germinate they need plenty of breezes.
Reproduce by seed of Basil and Reyhan
I have not come across any insects haunting basil. A parasite lives as if lurking among the basil branches. It is a very common problem. You can recognize it by its extensions like rope. They are not very harmful, but if they increase too much, they will be harmful. Try to extract your basil every time you see it. Do not try too much, do not bother. Otherwise, you will damage the branches of the basil yourself. And it will do no harm if you don’t let them multiply too much. In fact, it can even be said that they add a beauty to basil.
Mildew and similar fungal diseases can be seen. If basil is planted in airy and sunny places, such diseases may prevail in cool seasons.
Root rots are caused by the ready-made bag soils used in pots. It can also be seen in some gardens due to the nature of the soil. If there is root rot in the gardens, do not plant the basil there again, plant it in different parts of the garden.
From the problems I have explained above, I have witnessed only the problem of 1- parasitic plants 2- root rot in ready-made bag soil for many years. Said fungal diseases and root rot problems I think Turkey is not seen in the garden of basil grown in places
Tulasi (Ocimum tenuiflorum) holy basil
Considered blessed in India, it is a plant of the same kind as basil, with a pleasant fragrant leaves.
general features of tulsi
It is a genus of Ocimum of the Ballybabagiller (Lamiaceae) family, so it has similar characteristics with basil (basil) . Its homeland is India. Tulasi is widely grown in all Southeast Asian countries. It is one or a few years old depending on the climate of the place where it is grown. Cannot stand the winter cold. It develops as a small shrub with hard branches. Its size depends on its soil and care. If it is well cared for and likes its location, it can grow up to 1m in length. Its leaves are oval with slightly toothed edges. Its branches are hairy. There are two types (morphotypes) with green leaves and purple leaves. In India, its green is called Sri Tulasi and its purple is called Krsna Tulasi.
Use of tulsi
TulasiTulasi leaves are grown for their pungent odor.
It is used in Hindus worship in India.
Most Hindus grow it in their gardens or in the middle of their home’s courtyard.
It is common to use leaves in Thai cuisine.
Important for Ayurveda (ancient alternative medicine of Indians).
The branches are cut short and a rope is passed through them (like a rosary). These are used as necklaces. It is believed to be auspicious.
Dried tulasi leaves are used to repel insects.
Cultivation of tulsi
It likes both humus and water-less soils. Natural humus soil (or forest topsoil) is best. Ready-made bag soils can rot the roots and bottom of the tulas as they hold water too much. So are clay soils.
Tulasi wants a lot of sun. Does not like shade places. Do not water often. You should not water before the soil dries slightly.
Bury the seeds no more than half an inch deep in the spring. When they have grown a little, plant the tulasi seedlings in individual pots. As the seedlings grow, if you cut off the tips, it will branch more. It leaves more.
It is not very long-lasting. Maybe two or three years. Don’t try to keep it long. You have to grow tulala again every year by taking the seeds each year and sowing them in the spring.
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