Important points when sowing flowers
- Get information on the variety of sowing flower you want to plant.
- Prepare the land , eliminating weeds and making a good supply of organic compost .
- The soil or pot must have enough nutrients for the Sowing Flowers plant to grow properly.
- Water regularly , keeping the soil moist.
- When watering, avoid stagnations , over-wetting the stems, leaves and flowers.
- The ideal form of irrigation is with drip or also with a watering can.
- A good trick is to mulch the soil with stones or straw to keep it moist.
- Find out the sunlight needs of the particular plant .
- Find out if the Sowing Flowers plant is best outdoors, indoors, or indoors.
Sowing Flowers in Your Garden
There is no doubt that flowers give color and beauty to any place where they are found and their presence has gained importance in recent years, with the imminent urbanization of public spaces.
A detailed and harmonious decoration can make even the most common scenario and symbolize , in an endearing way, what we find difficult to express in words.
Since time immemorial, flower ornamentation has served to link the human being with the mystical , with the divine and with their own culture.
There is no space that is not happy with the presence of flowers , not only because of their multicolored explosion that enlivens the mood, but also because they attract birds and butterflies , and make us feel one with nature.
Despite what you think, planting flowers is pretty easy.
It just takes a little patience and good planning . In this article we tell you the simplest ways to start beautifying your favorite spaces as soon as possible.
Some of the conditions that we must take into account before starting to plant flowers are :
When should we plant flowers ( Sowing Flowers )?
Depends on the species and variety of flowers that we want to sow.
There are flowers for practically every time of the year , as well as some types that bloom for most of the year.
Find out what the best times are, considering the region where you live and the type of flowers you want to plant.
For annual flowers
Most annual flowers are planted in the spring to bloom in the summer and fall.
In very hot regions, sowing can be done in autumn so that they flower in the spring of the following year , since frost is not a problem to consider.
Some annual flowers are Salvia , Calendula, Agerato, and so on.
For the biennial
Biennial flowers take two years to bloom . During the first year they only produce stems and leaves, and they produce flowers until the second.
These types of flowers are more resistant to frost .
Sowing is done regularly in mid- summer and into late fall so that they flower at the end of the following winter or during spring.
Some biannual flowers are the Royal Mallow, the Pansy and the Wallflower.
They bloom under specific conditions and dates, such as Christmas Eve, Cempasúchil, etc.
It is important to find out the specifications according to each type and variety that we want to sow in order to get the most out of our crop during the 12 months of the year.
The most common flower calendar
|Flowers that can be grown all year round||Flowers that can be sown in Spring (they bloom between the months of March and May)||Summer Flowers (they bloom in the months of June and August)||Autumn Flowers (they bloom in the months of September and November)||Flowers that can be sown in |
winter (They bloom in the months of December and February)
And many more…
Flower of the Passion
Galán de Noche
Narcissus and more …
Veronica, and many more.
Climate and temperature: Where to plant our flowers ( Sowing Flowers )?
how to sow flowersAs in the previous point, it is important to consider the climatic conditions that prevail in your region.
According to the weather and the temperature of the place where you live, some flowers can grow more easily than others .
Take into consideration if the type of flower you want to plant requires specific temperatures, either in the ground or in the environment.
Some flowers are too delicate to plant outdoors , especially when there is a risk of frost . In these cases it is recommended that it be sown in protected pots.
Depending on the type of flower, some require more sun exposure than others, and many prefer to grow in the shade.
Soil types for Sowing Flowers
what types of flowers are there different substrates that can be used to plant flowers. We have peat, sand, perlite, and vermiculite.
It is best to mix to take advantage of the characteristics of two or more substrates . For example, peat mixed with perlite , with sand or with vermiculite can be used.
Another highly effective mix is to use a third of peat , along with a third of compost or mulch , and another third of sand or perlite .
Consider the type of soil each seed needs depending on the flower you want to plant.
They are loose, fertile and retain moisture well for the proportionate amount of clay they have.
Difficult to work with because they are composed of very fine particles and have a rather poor drainage , for this reason they take time to dry and they get puddled easily.
They are loose and dry quickly , but poorly retain moisture and nutrients. However, this is easily solved with mulch or worm castings .
Moisture and irrigationplant sowing flowers
In some species, atmospheric humidity influences during development , specifically during the flowering stage .
Likewise, there are species that are more tolerant to droughts than others.
Humidity is a very important factor that you must consider.
Make sure of the optimum humidity levels required during each of the stages of development of the type of flower you want to plant.
Soil preparation for Sowing Flowers
The soil must be well prepared . The land should be tilled when it is not too wet . Till so that the soil is loose, soft and broken up.The substrate must be left in the conditions necessary for sowing . Spread out some compost like mulch, manure, humus, etc.
Finally level with the rake . Remember that tillage is the first step to successful growth : when the soil is removed, the surface layers are loosened, which will better retain moisture and allow fluid circulation of oxygen.
The guide or tutor
Some flowers often need the guidance of a guardian , especially during their first years of life.A good tutor will facilitate their development , at the same time that it will help them resist the blows of the wind.
There are several ways of staking flowers , the simplest is by means of a vertical stake driven into the ground, to which the plant is tied shortly before flowering .
They can also be trellises and some other structures.
How to plant flowers
sow flowers 1Before sowing our seeds , we must take into account the type of sowing that we are going to do: direct or in a protected nursery.
By direct sowing
It requires a previous preparation of the soil and that the seeds are placed respecting the necessary depth and distance.
The main advantages are : Free development of the plant .
No transplant is required .
The main disadvantages are : During its first days of life, the plant is exposed to inclement weather, be it frost, excess light, rain, etc.
By sowing in seedbeds
It is carried out when the conditions in the environment are not the most suitable for good germination. They are usually used as a provisional method, since when the flowers develop we will transplant them to their final location.
The main advantages are : Control over light, temperature, substrate and air conditions.
Selection of the strongest flowers before transplanting.
The main disadvantages are : There is a greater risk of failure when transplanting the flowers, because whenever the transplant is done, part of the root system is inevitably lost and, consequently, the developing leaves suffer from lack of water.
The Process of planting flowers in [17 Steps for Sowing Flowers]
- Make sure of the conditions that your seed requires to grow : climate, dates, temperature, humidity, luminosity, etc.
- Clean the ground. It extracts weeds and all kinds of residues. All plants must be pulled from the roots to prevent them from growing again and competing for nutrients with your flowers.
- Dampen the soil before planting flowers. This reduces the risk of expelling the seeds by the force of the water.
- Fertilize the soil. If you use natural fertilizers, mix them into the soil to a depth of 2 inches.
- Mark with signs or any type of indicator the specific place where you are going to plant each variety of flower, in case you are going to grow a varied crop.
- Place the seeds in the soil , according to the specifications in terms of depth and recommended distance. Cover them lightly.
- If the seeds are very small, you can mix them with sand to make it easier to spread them around the ground.
- Once you’ve deposited them in the ground, cover them with a little mulch.
The Process of planting flowers in [17 Steps for Sowing Flowers]
- Water the soil or fertilize the soil , depending on the variety you have planted. Water very carefully , spraying, so as not to drag seeds or flood. In certain cases, it will be advisable to adopt a drip irrigation system.
- Wait for the seeds to germinate.
- Then transplant your sprouts if you’ve planted them in seedbeds. Once they are born, they must be clarified, that is, remove excess plants so that there is a reasonable space between them.
- The average distance is between 25 and 40 centimeters , depending on the species.
- Protect your flowers. Use nets to protect your crop from pests and potential predators. Protection is important mainly during the early stages.
- Establishes tutorials for those varieties that require it.
- Check your flowers regularly to make sure they have not contracted any diseases or have been attacked by pests.
- Water your plants , according to the needs of each crop .
- If you consider it necessary, prune your plants.
- Sometimes, if we want to give more vigor to the flowering and fruiting process of some plants, we must remove some secondary stems , as well as remove the oldest or weakest leaves or clean the fruits.
Common pests and diseases of Sowing Flowers
It is recommended that application of manure nettle and prevention of the aphid .
To combat them, potassium or biodegradable soap can be applied to the underside of the plants . It should be applied very early in the morning or in the afternoon, when the sun no longer hits the leaves.
The soap will help clean the molasses excreted by the aphid and will soften its cuticle.
If the plague persists or is very abundant, after cleaning the leaves with soap, we will apply neem extract , which will act as an insecticide.
Biological control can be carried out through its natural enemies .
The thrips have several natural predators such as certain strains of mites , particularly Amblyseius barkeri and the bug Orius.
Another form of prevention of thrips is placed nets around the cultivation, perform a cleanup of weeds and debris.
To combat them, in addition, ecological alternatives can be used , such as potassium soap and, in extreme cases, natural insecticides such as neem extract .
Nematodes are small phytoparasites found in the soil.
Its shape is like a worm and can reach up to 2 mm depending on the species. These little parasites feed on the roots.
To control them, we can plant garlic cloves as a repellent. It is also important to have a crop rotation and fertilize our soil.
They can also be treated with steam sterilization and solarization.
They are the larvae of a species of mosquito that can damage the root system. Different insecticides are used for its control.
They cause yellow spots on the leaves and stems.
Its control is carried out with benodanyl and oxycarboxin . A good fertilizer is also recommended to invigorate the substrate and flower growth.
Root rot is caused by Pythium spp. in conditions of excessive humidity in the soil.The roots weaken , so that the infected flowers are stunted.
A correct soil treatment must be done before planting.
Stem rot is caused by Rhizoctonia solani and develops in conditions of excess humidity and high temperature.The plants wither in the hours of maximum temperature.
In addition to correct soil treatment before planting, the temperature of the substrate and its correct drainage must be adjusted.
Bibliography and references of Sowing Flowers
- Encyclopedia My first knowledge about Plants, Snakes, and Conservation. (1961). Spanish edition by Dr. Frank Thompson. Editorial Grolier Incorporated New York. Printed in Mexico. PP 76-81.
- Fragoso, R; Lussier A., (1971) Natural History, the life of animals and plants. Seventh Edition, Gallach Institute of Bookstore and Editions, SL Barcelona-Spain. PP. 172-176
- Naumann & Göbel Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (2019) Indoor and Balcony Plants-Ideas for all types of environments s. Edition SL, Barcelona-Spain. PP. 34 and 35.
- Jiménez Mateo. Functions, morphology, and types of flowers. Pollination and Fertilization. CFGM. Forest and natural environment conservation work Agrotechnology (botany). PDF.
- Botanical hypertexts (2019) Morphology of vascular plants. Flowers. Pdf